2019 Linnwood House Car Show

Today I attended the Linnwood house car show.   In prior years, this was focused around the Rolls Royce display, but this year it was more of a general car show.   I like this car show as it is informal, no marshals, security guards or crowds.   Just rock up with your car and park in the vast grounds outside the historic house.

This year the main displays were from Rover, Wolseley, Austin and various classic American marques.  The car of the day for me was a lovely 1937 Packard Super 8. These cars are hugely impressive in the flesh – pictures never do them justice.   There were a few other very nice classic American cars like a Chrysler Windsor and a lovely 50’s Cadillac convertible.

I was also keen to see the Rover display as I am a fan of the P5 model in particular.   There was a good selection of earlier cars, P4s, P6s and even SD1s, but only two P5s on the day.  That was a shame as in prior years there have been a great variety of models to choose from.

I drove there in the DS.  I didn’t display the car as I was not a member of any of the clubs participating, but I don’t think that would have mattered.   I hope in future years even more car clubs attend the Linnwood house day.   There is loads of room and its a very nice car show.

Citroen DS electric cooling fan

The Citroen DS cooling system is somewhat unique in that it relies almost exclusively on pulling air through ducting to cool the radiator.   Most cars achieve have a grille where the faster the car moves, the more air is pushed over the radiator.   On modern cars this is the grille below the bumper.   The Citroen DS has a large plastic fan attached to the camshaft pulley.  That fan sits behind the radiator and then pulls air through based on engine speed.   The DS21ie and all DS 23 models augment this with an electric fan and an improved radiator / header tank.   The Citroen DS electric cooling fan is mounted alongside the mechanical fan (actually almost inside it) and also pulls air through the radiator.

My car, being a carburetor DS21 does not have this improved radiator / electric fan combination.    The Citroen DS cooling system worked quite well when the cars were new.  However, a combination of the hot Australian climate and an almost 50 year old car that spent quite a lot of time in South Australia means that my cooling system struggles in stop and go traffic.   For international readers, South Australia has very hard water resulting in mineral deposits if distilled water is not used.

While I was having some other work done, I had a Davies, Craig fan fitted behind the radiator.  This is to augment, not replace the mechanical fan.   The setup is basically the same as the Citroen DS electric cooling fan.   Over the years people have tried to replace the mechanical fan entirely. This is a recipe for disaster as the electric fans cannot pull enough air at high speed with no ram effect.     The Davies, Craig fan is equipped with a controller that allows adjustment of the cut in point.

Citroen DS electric cooling fan

I also wanted to know when the fan is running.   The Citroen DS instrument cluster has an extra warning light that is not used in my car.   This is for parking lights.   The spot for this warning light was taped up.   I have a spare instrument cluster for parts, so I was able to grab another bulb housing to enable this extra light.

Citroen DS Instrument Cluster

Looking at the parts instrument cluster the tape used to disable the warning lights not in use from the factor can be seen.   This is at the 12 and 6 O’Clock positions.   From there, it is relatively easy to run another wire to the back of the instrument cluster for the warning light.   The speedometer cable is already running right past this area.    The connections on the back of the cluster are well documented.

Citroen DS electric cooling fan indicator light

I would have preferred a green or orange warning light, but the red one is fine.    It works quite well.   I took the car for a drive in the 30 degree heat and the light was on for quite a lot of the time, but it did cycle on and off as the fan kicks in/out.   The fan is wired to be ‘always on’.   This means that after the car is turned off, the fan will continue to run if the engine is hot enough to warrant it.  I did this because heat soak can be an issue in these cars.   On my test drive, it ran for about 10 minutes after I switched off the car.   The risk is draining the battery, but on a hot day this is a useful feature for a short stop.

Citroen DS electric cooling fan indicator light

I don’t want my cars to be garage queens.  This modification, while not factory should make the car more usable in Summer.

Citroen DS Window rubbers and felts

After my Citroen DS was painted, there were a couple of cosmetic things wrong with the car that were far more noticeable.   One of them was the DS window rubbers and felts.    The previous owner had used generic units, and they didn’t fit all that well.   Proper reproduction units are available, which are the right size and use the standard mounting points.

I didn’t get a chance to take before and and after photos, but the new DS window rubbers and felts look much better.

DS window rubbers

As well as the proper window rubbers and felts, the correct mounting hardware is also required.

DS window rubbers and felts

This isn’t a job I tackled myself, as I wasn’t sure how it was done.    I did learn a bit more about the history of my car.   The window hardware, and maybe the doors are not original to this car.   Fairly early in the production run, the window mechanism was modified to push the top of the window harder against the seal when it is closed.   This modification was done due to sealing and wind noise complaints.   My car does not have this.   I know I have a DS19 boot lid, and an ID19 roof, so when the car was fixed up in the 90s, it would seem that a fair number of DS19/ID19 parts were used.     The car also used to have DS19 window winders, which I have since replaced.

DS window rubbers

In the picture above, the mounting hardware can just be seen.   It actually worked out quite well I did this job, as the adhesive I used for the plasic moisture panels had already started to come off.   This time, I used the same adhesive as I had used for the Mercedes W126 under bonnet insulation.

The car is almost ‘finished’.  I am waiting on one more piece of chrome trim around the roof I am replacing.  I also need to re-fit the boot badges that I removed to have the paint polished on the boot lid.

Speedometer Ratio Box

I changed the differential ratio of my E-Type about two years ago.    My car was first delivered in the USA, so it came standard with  3.54 ratio.    Most of the 4.2 cars were standard with 3.07.    When the car was restored in the 90’s, it was converted to 3.07.   However, the previous owner converted it back to 3.54.   My conversion put it to 3.07 again.    The car still has its original speedometer, which means both the speed and odometer were incorrect.   This page lists the different Jaguar E-Type differential ratios.

There are generally two ways of accounting for the differential ratio in the speedometer.   American cars have an easily changeable speedometer gear in the output of the transmission.   This allows them to have the same speedometer regardless of the differential ratio.   This approach simplifies things for their high production volumes.   It also simplifies modifications, although I doubt this is the aim.    European cars generally had a different speedometer for each ratio.      If the ratio is changed, then either the speedometer needs to be changed, or an inline Speedometer ratio box needs to be installed.

Speedometer ratio box

As Sydney is infested with speed cameras, I had the cable removed from the car and sent to a speedometer shop.    The original plan was to modify my cable to accept a ratio box.   However, my cable wasn’t able to be modified – it was too thick and the right fittings are no longer made for such a thick cable.    Therefore, a new cable and ratio box was made up.    Having the new cable made up was more expensive than I was hoping, but If I avoid two low range speeding tickets, I am ahead.

Helpfully, the Smiths speedometer actually lists how many revolutions per mile it expects.   In the case of an E-Type with a 3.54 ratio, this is 1312.    For a 3.07 ratio, it is 1120.   These ratios allowed the speedometer shop to correctly build the speedometer ratio box.    For reference, the 3.31 ratio should be 1216 revolutions per mile, and 2.88 is 1058.

The new cable was installed today and a small bracket fabricated to hold the speedometer ratio box.

Speedometer ratio box

I have not yet compared the speedometer and odometer to a GPS, but it was reasonably accurate before the differential ratio change, so I expect it to be ok.   This is a timely change as the NSW Government have just announced the speed camera warning signs are to be removed.

Yet another way of attaching NSW Historic Plates

After using blank plates as a way of attaching NSW Historic Plates on the 450SLC and the 560SEC, the adapter I fabricated for the 250SE was looking rather shoddy.   I made it myself out of aluminium.   I used thin aluminium to make it easier to cut.   The thin aluminium bent easily and now had creases.

I liked how using the blank German plate filled in the spot for the plate rather well.   This plate is far too modern for the 250SE.   That style of plate was introduced in the early 90s.  It is quite contemporary for a late 80s car, but doesn’t fit so well for a mid 60s model.   Blank plates are also available for the older style German plates, which were white with a black boundary.    This is also the style that Swiss plates used at the time.   I have a photo of my car in Switzerland when it is new, on Diplomatic plates.   It would be great to find the square ‘CD’ tag one day to attach!

attaching NSW Historic Plates

I also used the last of my older style MBCSW badges.  I’ve ordered a couple of new ones as well.    Like with the other blank plate I bought, it was just a matter of drilling the holes in the right spots.   As this is the same size as the original plates, it fits very well in the bumper indent.   The factory plastic mounting wedges are pushing the plate out a bit too much, so I may replace them with something flatter.   They are invisible once the plate is mounted anyway.

At some point I will probably mount a badge on the right hand side.   I’ll be keeping an eye on eBay for something interesting.

Coomparison old vs new

As a comparison, I am much happier with the result than my previous attempt.  I also used screws instead of pop rivets, which will make removing the plate to add the second badge much easier.   I used a dremel to cut off the excess length on the back of the screws.   The links to my other cars above will outline the other ways I have been attaching NSW historic plates.

450SLC Dragging rear brakes – part 1

For the last couple of years I have noticed a noise from the rear of the 450SLC while driving.   At first I thought it might be a wheel bearing or some kind of bushing.   I mentioned it to my mechanic and he took and look and it wasn’t any of those things.

Last time I took the car on a longer drive, the noise was getting worse, and I noticed after I returned the rear wheels were hot to the touch.   Too hot to touch.    I realized that my noise had been dragging rear brakes all along.

Both sides were hot the touch, so it wasn’t just one bad caliper.    I went back and checked my maintenance records for the car and saw that the brake hoses were last changed in 2003 when I purchased the car, and one of the hoses changed again about two years after that.  16 years is about all the life that can be expected form these hoses, so I decided to replace them.   I also thought it would make sense to replace the master cylinder, as it is more likely to be causing dragging rear brakes on both sides.     Unlike when I had a similar problem with the Jag, the brakes were not locked hard on, just dragging.

Today, I did some further inspections.   I removed the rear wheels and looked at the condition of the calipers, pads and rotors.

Dragging rear brakes - calipers, pads and rotors

The rotors were still within the spec from the workshop manual.   The hoses looked old, and not particularly flexible.   It was also quite hard to push in one of the pistons to remove the pads, even with caliper disconnected from the brake system.     This led me to remove the caliper for further inspection.

It was the same story on the other side.   Removal of the calipers showed that the heat had made the seal rather crispy.

Rear calipers

These calipers can be rebuilt.  I may just replace them as the pistons don’t look great and the heat may have done other damage.   I am not sure if it is to do with the heat, or the 16 years on the car, but I found it almost impossible to remove the flexible hoses.  Even using the flare nut wrenches I managed to damage one of my hard lines.   I have liberally soaked the other side in penetrant to see if that will help when I get the new calipers.

While I was at it, I also replaced the master cylinder.    The brake fluid looked pretty good from a visual inspection.   I was quite surprised how much vile black fluid there was in the rear chamber of the reservoir once I removed it.   This is even after a flush about 18-24 months ago.

Dragging rear brakes - changing master

Some stained old shirts helped me protect the paintwork from the brake fluid.   In contrast with the flexible hoses in the rear, the lines were easy to remove from the master.   The coolant expansion tank needs to be unscrewed to get the master out. It does not have to move very far, so it does not need to be emptied.

new masterNext steps are to remove and replace the hoses from the rear, fit new calipers to the rear and replace the front hoses while I am at it.   At this point I do not have any indication that the front calipers need to be replaced or rebuilt.

MBCNSW Dyno Day

The MBCNSW held a tech day at a dyno equipped performance shop today.   I was keen to attend as I wanted to understand how much power my ECE 560SEC is making.   Geting dyno time independently can be expensive, but through the club day it was very affordable.   The tech day was held at SR Performance at Wolli Creek.

560SEC on the Dyno

On the Dyno, the following cars were tested:

  • CLK350 C209
  • C63 AMG
  • 1974 350SL
  • 1972 280SE 3.5
  • 1987 560SEC
  • 500SL R230

While my primary reason for attending the day was to find out how much power my engine is making, A dyno’s primary use is as a diagnostic tool.    Through the dyno, I discovered my car was running quite lean.   Not only is this bad for the engine, but it also meant that power is significantly lower than it should be.   For example, the other cars had an air/fuel ratio of 12-13, my car is around 17.     The resulting power is around 145hp at the rear wheels when it should be well over 200.

560 Dyno Results

Based on my lean running finding, I drove home like a granny.   Before I use the car again, I will need to sort this issue out.

As you would expect, the modern Mercedes made good power.    I was very curious about the two M116 3.5 D-Jet cars.   This was an opportunity to compare two very similar engines – and see how they differ after 40+ years.     The operator of the Dyno told us that a good rule of thumb is that what the car is rated to do in KW is what it is probably doing at the rear wheels in HP.    This should mean a result in the mid 140s for both 350s.

280SE 3.5 Dyno

The 350SL had a petrol leak from one of the injectors, but that didn’t stop it making 137hp at the rear wheels, 6 more than the 280SE 3.5.   I was impressed with the performance of both engines given their age.    They have obviously been looked after.

350SL

After the club finished, an E30 BMW with a modern M3 drivetrain was tested.   That car was really nicely done and made more than double the power of the two M116s!

E30

I hope the MBCNSW make a dyno day an annual event.   It’s a great diagnostic tool, especially for the older cars.

BMW E39 Garage Chair

I’ve had two BMW E39 front seats in the garage for a couple of years.   My brother wrote off his 1999 BMW 523i a couple of years back.   He was originally going to do something with the seats, but since moved interstate.     I’ve always thought that one of them would make a great garage chair.   The main downside is they are immensely heavy.   Even though these are manual seats and do not have motors, I was shocked at how heavy they really are – to the point that is is pretty awkward for one person to maneuver them.

The plan was to make something basic without having to resort to custom welding or fabrication.    I found a base from a dead office chair and some plywood from a shelving project at home.   My idea was to bolt the chair to the plywood and then the plywood to the office chair base.   Due to the sheer weight of the E39 seat, I used two pieces of plywood.

Garage Chair

The centre of gravity of the chair is quite far back.  Using the plywood allows the base to be attached in a way that doesn’t have the seated person falling out of the chair.   The base and casters were probably not designed for this sort of weight, so I am not sure if this will result in future wheel failure.   Even if it does, it wouldn’t be too hard to remove this base and bolt and alternative one to the plywood.

Garage Chair

Obviously I painted the plywood back to ensure that it didn’t look too bad.   A much nicer way would have been to weld up a proper frame.  Unfortunately, I don’t know how to weld and I was not going to pay for custom welding.

The resulting garage chair works pretty well – although it is slightly too high.    The E39 seats have really nice leather and this car had a very original interior.

Classic Auto Sound Becker tribute radio update

A couple of weeks ago I installed the Classic Auto Sound Becker Tribute Radio in my 250SE.   I’m really happy with it, it worked really well on my recent drive down to Canberra.   One of the only things I thought could have been improved on the radio was the buttons were unlabeled.   The real radios had LMKUU buttons.   Classic Auto Sound, who build these radios have recently improved them with stickers for the LMKUU buttons.  They were good enough to send me a set of the stickers for my radio.   What great customer service!

LMKUUThe LMKUU stickers really make a huge difference.   I wonder if they will also offer the FM/AM buttons like the later radios for people with 70’s cars?

The radio sounded really good on the trip down and back from Canberra, and the Bluetooth hands free worked reasonably well.  Above about 100km/h there is too much wind noise to hear properly – The soft top does not insulate the sound as well as a steel roof would.

This addition has improved an already great product.   Click the following links for part 1 and part 2 of the radio installation.

NSW Historic Plate Adapter

It was just announced that the NSW 60 day logbook ‘trial’ has been made permanent.   This is great news as its a really good system.  The two minor drawbacks – the amount of paperwork and the size of the plates.   The plates are tiny and really ugly.  They are so small that they don’t line up with the mounting holes of nearly any car.   The neatest way of mounting them is to use an adaptor.

On the 250SE and Traction Avant, I made adapter plates out of sheet aluminium.   I’ve never been 100% happy with them.  On the 450SLC, I bought a blank novelty plate in black.    I think the novelty plate company was a bit surprised to sell one blank.   It made a great NSW Historic Plate Adapter.

Recently, I noticed that a friend from the Mercedes Club had bought a blank German number plate to make his adapter.  It looked good on his C123.    The EU style plates are wide, so he also attached a grille badge.   I thought I would try something similar for the 560SEC.  I also didn’t think  black would look all that good with the Nautical Blue W126.   As it happens, I had accumulated a couple of grille badges over the years I could use.

NSW Historic Plate Adapter

The blank European plates available on eBay come with the little stickers for the city the car is registered.   I asked for something near the factory so they sent me Esslingen.  The factory is in Unterturkheim.   It is about half way between Esslingen and Stuttgart.    For the rear, I had a European Delivery Program badge.    This car isn’t really European delivery car, but it is a private import from the UK.

For the front, I used an older Mercedes-Benz Club NSW badge.   I have mounted the plate on the original adapter.   The original adapter has provision for the exterior sensor probe.   It makes the plate stick out a bit – I may find another way to mount the temperature probe to my plate and then I can remove the original adapter.

NSW historic plate adapter

These blank German plates make a great NSW historic plate adapter.  I’m happy with the end result.   The cost is only a little more than the other solution, although if I did it again I would have to buy the grille badges as I have no more lying around.    For comparison, a picture of the SLC solution is below.   I think the smaller plate in black looks better on the C107.

NSW Historic plate adapter

Last time I did this job, I used a hand drill.   I now own a drill press which makes it so much easier.   A drill press makes lining up the holes properly much easier.

Update: 7/10/19:  I ended up removing the factory backing plate and attaching the temperature probe to the new plate.   Looks much better.